Press Release

Favorable Efficacy and Reduced Acute Neurotoxicity by Antisense Oligonucleotides with 2',4'-BNA/LNA with 9-(aminoethoxy)phenoxazine

March 19, 2024

Abstract

An increasing number of antisense oligonucleotides (ASOs) have been approved for clinical use. However, improvements of both efficacy and safety in the central nervous system (CNS) are crucial for the treatment with CNS diseases. We aimed to overcome the crucial issues by our development of various gapmer ASOs with a novel nucleoside derivative including a 2′,4′-BNA/LNA with 9-(aminoethoxy)phenoxazine (BNAP-AEO). The various gapmer ASOs with BNAP-AEO were evaluated for thermal stability, in vitro and in vivo efficacy, and acute CNS toxicity. Thermal stability analysis of the duplexes with their complementary RNAs showed that ASOs with BNAP-AEO had a higher binding affinity than those without BNAP-AEO. In vitro assays, when transfected into neuroblastoma cell lines, demonstrated that ASOs with BNAP-AEO, had a more efficient gene silencing effect than those without BNAP-AEO. In vivo assays, involving intracerebroventricular injections into mice, revealed ASOs with BNAP-AEO potently suppressed gene expression in the brain. Surprisingly, the acute CNS toxicity in mice, as assessed through open field tests and scoring systems, was significantly lower for ASOs with BNAP-AEO than for those without BNAP-AEO. This study underscores the efficient gene-silencing effect and low acute CNS toxicity of ASOs incorporating BNAP-AEO, indicating the potential for future therapeutic applications.

Journal Article

掲載誌:Molecular Therapy-Nucleic Acids

論文タイトル:Favorable Efficacy and Reduced Acute Neurotoxicity by Antisense Oligonucleotides with 2',4'-BNA/LNA with 9-(aminoethoxy)phenoxazine

DOI:https://doi.org/10.1016/j.omtn.2024.102161

Correspondence to

Takanori, Yokota, Professor

Department of Neurology and Neurological Science,
Graduate School of Medical and Dental Sciences, 
Tokyo Medical and Dental University(TMDU)
E-mail:tak-yokota.nuro(at)tmd.ac.jp

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