Augmented effect of fibroblast growth factor 18 in bone morphogenetic protein 2-induced calvarial bone healing by activation of CCL2/CCR2 axis on M2 macrophage polarization
Fibroblast growth factor (FGF) signaling plays essential roles in various biological events. FGF18 is one of the ligands to be associated with osteogenesis, chondrogenesis and bone healing. The mouse critical-sized calvarial defect healing induced by the bone morphogenetic protein 2 (BMP2)-hydrogel is stabilized when FGF18 is added. Here, we aimed to investigate the role of FGF18 in the calvarial bone healing model. We first found that FGF18 + BMP2 hydrogel application to the calvarial bone defect increased the expression of anti-inflammatory markers, including those related to tissue healing M2 macrophage (M2-Mø) prior to mineralized bone formation. The depletion of macrophages with clodronate liposome hindered the FGF18 effect. We then examined how FGF18 induces M2-Mø polarization by using mouse primary bone marrow (BM) cells composed of macrophage precursors and BM stromal cells (BMSCs). In vitro studies demonstrated that FGF18 indirectly induces M2-Mø polarization by affecting BMSCs. Whole transcriptome analysis and neutralizing antibody treatment of BMSC cultured with FGF18 revealed that chemoattractant chemokine (c-c motif) ligand 2 (CCL2) is the major mediator for M2-Mø polarization. Finally, FGF18-augmented activity toward favorable bone healing with BMP2 was diminished in the calvarial defect in Ccr2-deleted mice. Altogether, we suggest a novel role of FGF18 in M2-Mø modulation via stimulation of CCL2 production in calvarial bone healing.
：Journal of Tissue Engineering
：Augmented effect of fibroblast growth factor 18 in bone morphogenetic protein 2-induced calvarial bone healing by activation of CCL2/CCR2 axis on M2 macrophage polarization
Sachiko Iseki, Ph.D., Professor
Deparment of Molecular Craniofacial Embryology and Oral Histology,
Graduate School of Medical and Dental Sciences,
Tokyo Medical and Dental University(TMDU)
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