Hematopoietic Cell Transplantation for Inborn Errors of Immunity Other than Severe Combined Immunodeficiency in Japan: Retrospective Analysis for 1985–2016
Hematopoietic cell transplantation (HCT) is a curative therapy for most patients with inborn errors of immunity (IEI). We conducted a nationwide study on HCT for patients with IEI other than severe combined immunodeficiency (non-SCID) in Japan.
Data from the Japanese national database (Transplant Registry Unified Management Program, TRUMP) for 566 patients with non-SCID IEI, who underwent their first HCT between 1985 and 2016, were retrospectively analyzed.
The 10-year overall survival (OS) and event-free survival (EFS) were 74% and 64%, respectively. The 10-year OS for HCT from unrelated bone marrow (URBM), accounting for 39% of HCTs, was comparable to that for HCT from matched sibling donor (MSD), 79% and 81%, respectively. HCT from unrelated cord blood (URCB), accounting for 28% of HCTs, was also common, with a 10-year OS of 69% but less robust engraftment. The intensity of conditioning was not associated with OS or neutrophil recovery; however, myeloablative conditioning was more frequently associated with infection-related death. Patients who received myeloablative irradiation showed poor OS. Multivariate analyses revealed that HCT in 1985–1995 (hazard ratio [HR], 2.0; P = 0.03), URCB (HR, 2.0; P = 0.01), and related donor other than MSD (ORD) (HR, 2.9; P < 0.001) were associated with poor OS, and URCB (HR, 3.6; P < 0.001) and ORD (HR, 2.7; P = 0.02) showed a higher incidence of retransplantation.
We present the 1985–2016 status of HCT for non-SCID IEI in Japan with sufficient statistical power, highlighting the potential of URBM as an alternative donor and the feasibility of reduced intensity conditioning.
TITLE：Hematopoietic Cell Transplantation for Inborn Errors of Immunity Other than Severe Combined Immunodeficiency in Japan: Retrospective Analysis for 1985–2016
Kohsuke Imai,Ph.D.,Associate Professor
Department of Community Pediatrics,
Perinatal, and Maternal Medicine,
Tokyo Medical and Dental University(TMDU)
E-mail:kimai.ped (at) tmd.ac.jp
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