Identification of a Biallelic Missense Variant in Gasdermin D (c.823G > C, p.Asp275His) in a Patient of Atypical Gorham-Stout Disease in a Consanguineous Family
Gorham–Stout disease (GSD), also called vanishing bone disease, is a rare osteolytic disease, frequently associated with lymphangiomatous tissue proliferation. The causative genetic background has not been noted except for a case with a somatic mutation in KRAS. However, in the present study, we encountered a case of GSD from a consanguineous family member. Whole-exome sequencing (WES) analysis focusing on rare recessive variants with zero homozygotes in population databases identified a homozygous missense variant (c.823G > C, p.Asp275His) in gasdermin D (GSDMD) in the patient and heterozygous in his unaffected brother. Because this variant affects the Asp275 residue that is involved in proteolytic cleavage by caspase-11 (as well as -4 and -5) to generate an activating p30 fragment required for pyroptotic cell death and proinflammation, we confirmed the absence of this cleavage product in peripheral monocytic fractions from the patient. A recent study indicated that a shorter p20 fragment, generated by further cleavage at Asp88, has a cell-autonomous function to suppress the maturation of osteoclasts to resorb bone matrix. Thus, the present study suggests for the first time the existence of hereditary GSD cases or novel GSD-like diseases caused by GSDMD deficiency. © 2023 The Authors. JBMR Plus published by Wiley Periodicals LLC on behalf of American Society for Bone and Mineral Research.
：Identification of a Biallelic Missense Variant in Gasdermin D (c.823G > C, p.Asp275His) in a Patient of Atypical Gorham-Stout Disease in a Consanguineous Family
Johji INAZAWA,Specially Appointed Professor
Institute of Research,
Tokyo Medical and Dental University (TMDU)
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