Detection of Epidermal Growth Factor Receptor Expression in Breast Cancer Cell Lines Using an Ion-Sensitive Field-Effect Transistor in Combination with Enzymatic Chemical Signal Amplification
A novel strategy for epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) detection using a cell-based field-effect transistor (FET) with enzymatic chemical signal amplification is proposed. Four human breast cancer cell lines [BT474, MDA-MB-231 (MM231), MDA-MB-468 (MM468), and MDA-MB-453 (MM453)] were used to compare the expression levels of EGFR. The cells were non-specifically captured on the surface of the gate of the FET, irrespective of their surface antigens. With this configuration, the heterogeneity of the cells would be analyzed using secondary antibodies conjugated to different kinds of enzymes. Four breast cancer cell lines with different levels of EGFR expression were captured on the respective surfaces of the extracellular matrix (ECM) gel-coated gates of the FETs. Glucose oxidase (GOx) was conjugated to the secondary antibody, and the output signals of the cell-based FETs changed depending on the expression levels of EGFR upon addition of glucose. The order of the expression levels of EGFR among the four cell lines, determined with the cell-based FETs, was consistent with the results of fluorescence detection determined by fluorescence-activated cell sorting (FACS). The cell-based FETs are advantageous for miniaturization and in massive parallel analyses of target molecules expressed on the membranes of cells and EVs, and their small size and cost effectiveness for cancer testing could enable their realization in a future liquid biopsy.
TITLE：Detection of epidermal growth factor receptor expression in breast cancer cell lines using an ion-sensitive field effect transistor in combination with enzymatic chemical signal amplification
Miyuki Tabata, Specially Appointed Associate Professor
Yuji Miyahara,Specially Appointed Professor
Department of Bioelectronics,
Institute of Biomaterials and Bioengineering,
Tokyo Medical and Dental University(TMDU)
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